Hayes and Monaghan

geographic experience

    G. William Monaghan, Ph.D., and Daniel R. Hayes have each worked in the fields of geoarchaeology and cultural resource management (CRM) for more than 15 years.  During that period they have guided the environmental background and geoarchaeological research of nearly 50 CRM projects that include a broad range of archaeological and geological settings throughout the Eastern and Midwestern USA.  The map at the left shows the states (marked in yellow) in which they have professional experience.  Over the past several years, Hayes and Monaghan have collaborated on many large, significant CRM studies and, because of their diverse, but complementary, backgrounds have greatly aided the successful competition of the projects.  These studies include several large-scale pipeline and highway corridor projects that required extensive regional synthesis and close integration with the Phase I, II, and III archaeological studies, as well as a deep test strategy that accurately and cost-effectively explores for buried sites.  The experiences and skills learned while completing these projects will prove invaluable for any project, large or small.   In fact, Hayes and Monaghan together bring a breadth of experience in Quaternary geology, sedimentology, pedology, archaeology, and prehistoric site formation rarely encompassed by other CRM teams. Dr. Monaghan's expertise lies mainly in regional Quaternary and Holocene geology, sedimentology, and stratigraphy, while Mr. Hayes focuses mainly on archaeological site formation processes and other aspects site-specific sediment weathering and pedologic processes. Most recently Hayes and Monaghan have been involved in verifying and tracing the buried component of Monasukapanough, a probable 16th century Saponi village site associated with mound site excavated by Thomas Jefferson.  This piedmont, flood plain site exists beneath as much as 1.6 m of flood sediments.  Both Hayes and Monaghan have experience in the uses of remote sensing as applied to archaeological problems.  Dr. Monaghan, for example, has had courses and training in geophysical methods of subsurface exploration, such as gravity and magnetic, gamma-ray logging, and seismic  surveys techniques.  In addition, while working closely with Louis Berger Associates, Hayes and Monaghan recently helped design the geophysical survey of the Brook Run Site (44CU122), a late Paleoindian to Early Archaic site in central Virginia.

    Mr. Hayes has more than 21 years of experience with North American archaeology, both as an archaeologist and geoarchaeologist.  He fulfilled the requirements for a B.A. degree in archaeology and history at Cornell University and after graduation, worked for several years in CRM.  He then entered an interdisciplinary graduate program at Iowa State University and is currently working on a thesis dealing with the identification and reconstruction of buried soils and corresponding archaeological occupations in alluvial settings.  Hayes has participated in CRM projects in thirteen states ranging from Paleoindian studies in remote rural setting to  historic archaeological studies in contemporary urban settings.  His present specialization involves evaluating the contextual integrity of archaeological sites and in the discovery and evaluations of buried sites.  In the latter rolls he has investigated several buried sites in North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, New York, Delaware, Pennsylvania and Iowa.  Hayes has actively contributed to and coauthored numerous CRM reports and also presented his work at several conferences.  He holds membership in several professional organizations including Society for American Archaeology (SAA), Archaeological Society of Virginia (ASV), and The Council of Virginia Archaeologists (COVA).   

   Dr. Monaghan received his B.S. in anthropology (specialization in prehistoric archaeology) in 1978 and subsequently received an M.S. and Ph.D. in geology in 1984 and 1989 (respectively) from Michigan State University.  He is currently a Research Scientist at the Glenn A Black Laboratory of Archaeology, Indiana University and a member of the Geological Society of America, Society of American Archaeology, European Archaeological Association, and the Council of Michigan Archaeology (COMA).  His advanced degree specialized in Quaternary studies, particular in glacial geology, sediment provenance, clay mineralogy, and prehistoric landscape reconstruction within the Great Lakes region.  In addition, Dr. Monaghan is also skilled in computer mapping and spatial analysis as well as the development and management of large scale, computerized geological and geographical information bases.  He, together with Dr. Grahame Larson of Michigan State University, has received several major grants from the United States Geological Survey (USGS), State of Michigan, and several local planning commissions to map the surficial geology and develop a computerized database of subsurface well records for several counties in Michigan.  From this information, Dr. Monaghan has mapped the coal reserves in Michigan for the USGS and presented maps that characterize the groundwater resources for the State of Michigan.  Ultimately, these projects resulted in the Michigan Computerized Groundwater Information Base (MCGRIB), which Dr. Monaghan developed and is still used today.  The experience and techniques learned from these projects can be directly applied to managing the kinds of information gathered during archaeological site excavations.  In addition, Dr. Monaghan has also developed several proprietary computer software programs for analyzing and displaying geoarchaeolgical information.  For example, one of the programs displays cross section information and shows the three-dimensional relationships of subsurface data.  It is invaluable when displaying stratigraphic relationship of sediments at deep test locations such as rivers crossing and bridge replacements.  Additionally, Dr. Monaghan also designed software that statistically analyzes and displays the physical and chemical data from collected for geoarchaeology of sites.  Examples of output from this software is shown below.

    Besides more general geology and hydrology, Dr. Monaghan has more than 15 years experience as a geoarchaeologist and has worked on archaeological sites throughout the Great Lakes and Northeastern USA.  He has authored more than 50 academic publications and CRM reports and commonly presents the results of his work at professional conferences.  Specifically interested in the relationship between Holocene climate and cultural changes, Dr. Monaghan has designed and carried out research on both regional and site specific scales within the business and academic worlds.  His corridor project experience is extensive and range from the 500-mile long Great Lakes Gas Pipeline (GLGP) to numerous Michigan DOT projects in the Saginaw Bay region and Grand River Valley of Michigan.   In addition, both Monaghan and Hayes were instrumental in the successful completion of the geoarchaeological investigations during Phase I, II and III work associated the Empire Gas Pipeline project in western New York State, several Columbia Gas pipelines in Pennsylvania and West Virginia, and, most recently, the Vector Pipeline in Michigan.